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You probably already know that caffeine helps you to stay alert and awake. This is one of the many reasons that more than half of all U.S. adults drink coffee every day. That’s 100 million Americans drinking down their favorite espressos, lattes, or good old-fashioned drip coffee each and every day. However, did you also know caffeine has a positive effect on long-term memory?

Caffeine’s Effect on Forming Memory

There are certain ways of drinking caffeine that have been proven most effective. A recent study out of Johns Hopkins University showed that caffeine helps to build long-term memory. The key to the success was not simply drinking coffee, however.  The timing and amount of caffeine ingested greatly affected the process of creating permanent memories.

The sweet spot for the amount of caffeine was found to be around 200 mg, or the amount in about twelve ounces of drip coffee. Another surprising key to creating long-term memory was the timing of the dosage. The researchers found that it worked best in helping to form long-term memories when taken after studying. 24 hours later, test subjects that received a placebo or a 100 mg dose of caffeine had more difficulty remembering images from the previous day’s study session.

So how can you apply this research to boosting your memory and study skills? One way would be to hold off on the caffeine during your study session, then treat yourself to a triple Americano as a reward. Not only will you feel good about having completed your studies for the day, you will also be helping your brain to turn all of the information studied into real, usable memory.

Caffeine as a Late Night Study Aid

For many people, the previous technique may not work for one reason:  they study late at night in one session. “Cramming” is a technique you will be very familiar with if you ever spent any time in a college dorm. It is also a study habit that many people carry over into their professional lives. Obviously, if your study session ends at two in the morning, drinking a big mug of coffee and heading off to bed is probably not an option for you.

Now imagine an extreme case where you were forced to stay awake for 72 straight hours and then study. This is exactly what happened in a test performed by the US Navy.

Even after days spent awake, the same amount of caffeine that you would get in a triple shot of espresso helped Navy sailors to perform better on mental tests. It also improved their alertness. If it works for them, starting off your evening study session with your favorite coffee drink could be a great way to get you through an otherwise boring study session.

If you are anything like most Americans, you enjoy starting your morning by helping yourself to a mug full of fresh coffee from the machine in your kitchen, or stopping by a coffee house on the way to work. What might surprise you is that by timing when you drink your favorite beverage and the amount that you drink, you can enhance your ability to stay alert and form memories.

The next time you study or have a busy day at work, try out a new coffee drinking technique.  It could make a big difference in your next business presentation or certification exam. At the same time, you will be enjoying one of the great pleasures in life: the coffee break.

Last year my grandmother had to move to assisted living. Needless to say, she was reluctant to go. At 88, she had been living on her own for over 40 years. She liked her privacy and was fiercely protective of her independence.

Unfortunately, she was also in the beginning stages of dementia, and it was starting to affect her ability to take care of herself. Because she kept a lot to herself, we didn’t discover exactly how bad it was until the day a police officer showed up at my door to tell me that my grandmother had been in an accident.

She wasn’t hurt, but she had gotten confused and driven into someone’s yard. She was fine, the other party was fine, but the car was banged up. After her accident, we discovered the extent of her problems.

·  She had stopped cooking and her daily diet consisted of chips, candy, and soda – things she could grab quickly, whenever she remembered to eat.

·  She had completely stopped taking her insulin, and had not seen her doctor for months.

·  She had hypertension and had stopped taking those meds as well.

·  She had stopped paying her Medicare premiums and other bills.

We took turns caring for her. I would bring her breakfast and give her morning insulin, my aunt would bring her a healthy lunch, take her afternoon readings, and take her to her doctor appointments; my mother would do the evening meal and insulin, and took over her financial affairs to make sure her bills were paid and got her back on Medicare.

After a few months, we discovered that she was leaving the house without our knowledge. She was taking cabs to run errands, and then getting rides home from complete strangers, sometimes with wads of cash in her bag.

We found a great facility that offered apartment-style units, with 24-hour nursing care. That way, my grandmother could maintain her privacy, but qualified help was literally right outside her door.

The nurses make sure she eats, they take her vitals and administer her meds, and they help with her memory care, and they make sure she gets to the doctor. They also helped her transition into the facility by introducing her to fellow residents, and getting her involved in activities. She has free run of the facility but they also keep track of her and keep her safe.

The nurses at this facility are a godsend.

I was so grateful to them that I decided I wanted to know more about the women who make my grandmother’s life safer and healthier.

There’s Colette. We found out that she’s actually a geriatric nurse practitioner. She started off with an Associates degree from a local nursing school, but then went on to get her accelerated BSN from Gwynedd Mercy University before getting her masters there as well. She told us that she had wanted to be a geriatric nurse since she was a teen and had to take care of her own grandmother. She’s there almost every time I visit, and my grandmother loves her.

Sarah is actually a nurse aide, but she does many of the jobs that the regular nurses do, including bathing the residents and dispensing medications. She got her CNA from community college, but she’s planning to go back to school for an RN. I also found out that she has five black cats, all rescues, and is also a master gardener.

Mary is probably the oldest nurse on the floor, and she has been there the longest. I don’t get to see her often, because she’s usually gone before I show up. However, some days she stays late to play a round of bid whist with some of the residents, my grandmother included. Sometimes she plays a few songs on the baby grand on the main floor near the dining room. I found out that she had originally gotten a music degree, and even taught high-school choir, before she started nursing 20 years ago.

Getting my grandmother into care was a lifesaver for her, and for our family. All of these women, and the countless others that I don’t have the space to mention, have helped my family through this difficult transition, and have improved my grandmother’s life immensely.

Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that typically develops in the lungs or abdominal organs. Associated with symptoms like painful cough, shortness of breath and fatigue, this illness can have a devastating impact on both physical and psychological health.

What’s more, the methods used to treat mesothelioma are often aggressive in nature, and lead to a number of uncomfortable effects.

Thankfully, there are several ways patients with mesothelioma can improve their health and restore quality of life, no matter their diagnosis or prognosis. Keep reading for tips on coping with mesothelioma and the treatment process, which includes information on traditional therapies, lifestyle choices and more.


Since mesothelioma is a rare disease, a definitive diagnosis may come along with a number of questions and concerns. Open communication with a physician can offer a better understanding of mesothelioma and its treatment options, which, in turn, helps patients play a more active role in their own recovery. Common concerns relating to a mesothelioma diagnosis include the disease’s type, location and stage, as well as questions regarding the risks and side effects associated with certain treatment options. This can help alleviate fears and anxieties, as well as help patients prepare for the treatment stage of recovery.

Psychological Treatment

Understandably, a cancer diagnosis can lead to a variety of issues relating to psychological and emotional health. Many patients experience depression, anxiety, anger, mood swings and other effects, which can interfere with daily activities, as well as impact health and quality of life. Therefore, seeking psychological treatment is often necessary to overall well-being.

Through talk therapy, patients can work through the psychological effects of this disease, as well as formulate coping strategies in the interest of long-term mental health. Plus, support groups, family counseling and other psychological services are conducive to recovery, as they address the varied emotional effects associated with mesothelioma and other types of cancer.


In most cases, mesothelioma is a direct result of exposure to asbestos. And since workplace exposure to this toxic substance is extremely common, many patients are entitled to compensation for their medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other factors. For these individuals, law firms specializing in mesothelioma can often prove workplace exposure and recover damages from insurance companies and negligent employers. And while a lawsuit may not aid in physical recovery, it can provide peace of mind and the financial means to seek effective treatment.

Lifestyle Choices

Mesothelioma can have devastating effects on the body, as can the methods used to treat it. For example, chemotherapy, radiation and pain management drugs are associated with a number of uncomfortable effects, some of which include nausea and vomiting, weakness and fatigue, poor body function and sleep disturbances. However, with the following lifestyle choices, patients can improve strength, enhance energy and restore healthy body function:

  • Dietary changes. An unhealthy diet can exacerbate the symptoms of mesothelioma, as well as worsen the side effects of certain therapies and medications. On the other hand, a balanced, nutrient-rich meal plan can help patients build strength, enhance energy, improve digestive function and much, much more.
  • Physical activity. Regular exercise can provide a number of advantages to mesothelioma patients. For example, even mild physical activity, such as yoga or walking, can boost energy, reduce depression and anxiety, improve body function and lend to better quality of sleep.
  • Staying busy. For patients with mesothelioma, staying busy is essential to a healthy recovery. For example, hobbies, relationships, and other interests can help alleviate the emotional and psychological effects of this illness, as well as enhance overall quality of life.


Mesothelioma is a rare, aggressive disease that is often difficult to treat. And while this illness is associated with a number of symptoms and effects, the tips listed here will help patients aid in their own recovery as they improve health and well-being.

Mesothelioma is a rare, aggressive disease that is often difficult to treat. And while this illness is associated with a number of symptoms and effects, the tips listed here will help patients aid in their own recovery as they improve health and well-being.

Health Insurance

In 2012, the number of uninsured Americans was around 46 million. That is a slightly lower, but statistically insignificant difference from the previous year’s uninsured numbers. That puts the total uninsured at about 15.4% of the total population. That does not even account for the millions of people who are woefully underinsured.

Even if you make plenty of money, medical bills are the leading cause of bankruptcy in the US. That is reason enough to learn a few important facts about health insurance including:

  • How to buy
  • Types of policies
  • Government options

How to buy

43.5% of Americans: that is about 60% of the insured, get their policies through their employer. This is called group insurance. There was a time when this is how over 70% of Americans were insured. With that number decreasing, more people are having to go it on their own. Individual vs. group insurance is a very different animal.

Pre-existing conditions are usually covered under group insurance. The group is big enough to absorb those extra expenses. That is because there are many in that group that will never get sick. As an individual with pre-existing conditions, you will find a different reception. Some companies will simply not do business with you, while others will charge extravagant rates for basic coverage. If you lose your job, you will have a window of opportunity to purchase your existing insurance at a reduced, individual rate.

Outside of work, there are two routes you can choose. You can go through a broker who will research a variety of plans from all the major companies and offer you the one that best fits your needs (think Progressive for car insurance), or you can deal directly with an insurance provider and put together a more full-service package that includes a PPO network, accident protection, and short-term disability such as USHealth Group Private.

Types of policies

The three most common types of insurance are HMOs, PPOs, and Major Medical + HSAs. Health Maintenance Organizations provide the most coverage at the lowest price, and are great for preventative care for the whole family. The serious knocks against HMOs are that they are too restrictive. They are designed to provide care within a specific network of providers and it can be both difficult and expensive to go outside the network. The other negative is that HMO providers are rewarded for limiting medical treatment as much as possible. The idea is that if you keep a person healthy with inexpensive and regular office visits, problems can be identified early, and expensive tests and treatments can be avoided. If your family is reasonably healthy to begin with, this could be a great option to keep them that way.

The biggest difference between an HMO and a PPO (Preferred Provider Organization) is that the patient has the freedom to choose any doctor she likes. Usually, a referral is not needed to see a specialist. For this freedom, one can expect to pay a bit more for the policy, as well as higher copays and deductibles. This option removes your primary physician as your medical gatekeeper and gives you more control over your family’s health care.

HSA stands for health savings account. It is not a stand-alone health plan, but is used in conjunction with other health plans. If a person opts for a plan that only covers major medical, they will often have an HSA to go along with it. As the name suggests, an HSA is a savings account used to pay medical bills as they arise. The idea is that you would pay into it monthly, and use it for low-cost services like doctor visits and labs. Your major medical policy is there for big ticket items like hospitalization and surgery. Major medical plans are much less expensive, but only cover major medical. This might be a good plan for someone who never goes to the doctor.

Government options

There are two major sources of government insurance: Medicaid and Medicare. Medicaid is provided by the state and is based on income. Even as the number of people receiving insurance through work decreases, the number of Medicaid recipients is increasing. For families who have fallen on hard times, this option can provide even more comprehensive coverage than the policy once provided by an employer. Medicare is provided by the state, and is based on disability and age. It is an excellent resource for people with physical challenges.

There is much more to learn about insurance. No one, not even insurance agents can know it all. It is a highly regulated industry for good reason. But this one thing is easy to understand: having no insurance is a very bad thing. Find an agent or agency and start the conversation.